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Understanding the Arab Middle East - Identity, Roots and Values

Understanding the Arab Middle East - Identity, Roots and Values

As with any people, the Arabs look to the past for their sense of identity.

Arab history is tied to tribalism and the nomadic life of the desert. Although in most places the nomadic lifestyle has all but disappeared, the influence of the desert and especially the importance of tribal identity are still prominent today.

The Tribe

Across the Middle East old tribal traditions are still visible.

Hunting with birds of prey, the herding of goats, camel racing, poetry, dances and much more are still practiced today as ways of linking back to the nomadic past.

The desert life is romanticised and glorified, and the Arabs identify with it on many levels.

Tribal names to this day help identify who you are, your ancestry and your position within the local hierarchy. Tribal connections, alliances and intermarriages are still vital to developing networks and pooling resources.

Do not be surprised if someone in the region shows you where certain tribal lands start and end; to this day the name of a tribe, its honour, history, land and wealth still carry a lot of importance.

Arab Values

The Arabs’ roots in tribalism today translate into many values, customs and behaviours.

The extended family, for example, is still the most common set up with married couples and kids living with parents and grandparents in large houses.

In some neighbourhoods you may find whole families populating certain streets or a series of villas as most people tend to live close to their families. Free time, weekends and leisure is usually mainly spent with the family.

As a result, families in the Middle East are very tight with loyalty to the family outweighing any other. Families are usually run by an elder male who makes decisions for the rest; their decisions are respected and adhered to as a matter of honour.

Family First

One of the characteristics of many family-centred cultures is that of favouritism and nepotism.

The Middle East is no different in that people prioritise their families first and use a complex system of bartering favours in order to help family members.

For example, an uncle with the ability to secure a job for his nephew would see it is a failure if he was not to try and influence or help in securing the job.

Similarly, sometimes rules and red tape can by bypassed if you have the right family connections working in the right places. The tendency to favour family essentially comes down to trust. A family member will always be considered more loyal, trustworthy and compliant than a non-family member.

Summary

In summary, the Arab culture places great emphasis on the past in terms of its sense of identity.

Tribal life in the desert helps explain many of the characteristics of modern day Middle East such the food that is eaten and clothing that is worn.

It is also the root of many of the values that people place importance upon such as ancestry, pride, loyalty and honour.

To learn more about Arab culture and how to navigate the Middle East, then try our Middle East Online Cultural Awareness Course.

Why is Cultural Awareness Important?
The Cultural Lens

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